WGS of SIV Offered at ADDL
Yan Zhang, DVM, PhD, ADDL Virlogy Section Head
Melanie Prarat, MS, ADDL Virology Section Scientist
Influenza virus strains of H1N1, H1N2, and H3N2 are co-circulating in swine in Ohio. The ADDL offers whole genome sequencing (WGS) services for influenza. This new service allows the laboratory to quickly identify the strain in a herd. In addition, this new test also provides more information including monitoring for emerging influenza strains due to mutation or recombination. Nasal swab and oral fluid samples can be used for whole genome sequencing. Please let us know if you are interested in WGS and phylogenetic analysis of influenza that is circulating within your herds.
Human infections with influenza A viruses found in swine are rare events, but can occur. Conversely, human flu viruses can infect pigs and can introduce new flu viruses into the swine population. Routine measures like frequent hand washing, avoiding close contact with animals that look or act ill, and avoiding contact with pigs if you are experiencing flu-like symptoms, can reduce the risk of flu transmission between humans and pigs. More information for pork producers and people who work with or raise pigs is available on the CDC's Swine Influenza/Variant Influenza website.