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Ohio ADDL Joins the Swine Disease Reporting System Network

What is the Swine Disease Reporting System (SDRS)?

The Swine Disease Reporting System (SDRS) was initially established in 2018 to report PRRSV RNA detection results by a reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) test on porcine samples submitted for testing at four major swine-centric veterinary diagnostic laboratories that represent 95% of all porcine submissions tested in the National Animal Health Laboratory Network (NAHLN) (Trevisan et al., 2019). SDRS includes multiple projects that aggregate data from participating veterinary diagnostic laboratories (VDLs) in the United States of America (USA), and reports the major findings to the swine industry. The goal is to share information on endemic and emerging diseases affecting the swine population in the USA, assisting veterinarians and producers in making informed decisions on disease prevention, detection, and management. The SDRS includes veterinary diagnostic laboratory collaborators from Iowa State University, University of Minnesota, Kansas State University and South Dakota State University.

Why is Ohio ADDL Joining the SDRS?

Ohio is one of the top 10 US states when it comes to hog and pig inventory (USDA NASS). This means the ADDL does a lot of testing for various transmissible diseases in Ohio’s swine herds, including PRRS, swine influenza, swine enteric coronaviruses, and Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae. Sequencing is also performed for PRRS and swine influenza to monitor for emerging viruses and epidemiology studies. Ohio ADDL will be contributing data to the SDRS to further enhance its capabilities as a surveillance tool and for early detection of pathogens of economic consequence to US livestock production. Andreia Arruda (Ohio State University) will also be joining the SDRS as a collaborator. If you are interested in learning more about same-day swine testing options at the ADDL, visit our Tests and Fees page or e-mail us at submissions@agri.ohio.gov.

Melanie Prarat, MS, Central Receiving Section Head