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Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI)

HPAI Sample Collection and Guidelines

HPAI continues to be a concern throughout the US. We are providing the following guidelines on submitting samples to the Ohio ADDL for Avian Influenza PCR testing.

2022 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

*If you suspect HPAI in your flock, please call Animal Health: 614-728-6220*

Swabs & Media for Sample Collection

Appropriate swabs

  • Sterile, Dacron®/polyester swabs, rayon swabs, or nylon swabs - all with plastic or wire shafts
  • Swabs with flocked ends are preferred over regular swabs for their superior absorption and quick release
  • Avoid cotton or calcium alginate swabs, or swabs with wooden shafts

For gallinaceous birds (chickens, turkeys, pheasants, quail), take oropharyngeal/tracheal(choanal cleft) (OP/TR) swabs

For domestic waterfowl (ducks, geese), take cloacal (CL) swabs

Pooling: Swabs from the same species, source, and flock can be pooled together

  • DIAGNOSTIC TESTING: Up to 5 swabs can be pooled in a standard BHI broth tube containing 3 mL of media
  • SURVEILLANCE TESTING: Up to 10 swabs can be pooled in a standard BHI broth tube containing 5.5 mL of media

Do NOT pool:

  • OP/TR and CL swabs together, or swabs from different species, or swabs from different flocks/barns

Recommended Swab and Media Resources:

Hand Delivery & Shipping of Samples

Hand deliver or ship each sample set on ice using a same day or next day delivery service to arrive Monday through Friday to the following address: 

Ohio Department of Agriculture
Division of Animal Health
Animal Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (ADDL)
8995 E Main Street, Bldg. 6
Reynoldsburg, OH 43068

When submitting samples, please indicate on the form F-ADDL-ADM-251 if you suspect flu, or if it is routine surveillance. In the event of an outbreak of HPAI, a specific and simplified form is available. 

Please let the laboratory know samples are coming (1-614-728-6220 or submissions@agri.ohio.gov). Walk-ins are welcome (Hours are Monday-Friday 8:00 am to 5:00 pm). After-hour emergency calls regarding testing and sample submission can be made to the Animal Health After-Hours Line at (888) 456-3405.

Poultry Submission Forms - Don't Forget To Verify Your Premise ID!

Please fill out the F-ADDL-ADM-251 form for suspect cases; if there is an outbreak, fill out the HPAI Submission Form, F-ADDL-ADM-1097 completely. The following information is required:

Use the Premises Verification Tool to verify your premise ID & address before you ship your samples.