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HPAI: Biosecurity, Reporting, and Resources


High Path Avian Influenza (HPAI) has been detected in a poultry flock in Franklin County, Ohio and across the U.S. HPAI spreads quickly and can be fatal to flocks and devastating to poultry owners. ODA is urging poultry owners to intensify biosecurity and best management practices:

Biosecurity and Best Practices

•    Prevent Contact with wild birds and waterfowl. Keep birds indoors when possible. Add wildlife management practices around your farm. hpaifactsheet_wildlife-biosecurity.pdf (usda.gov)
•    Keep visitors to a minimum. Only allow those who care for your poultry to have contact with them and make sure they follow biosecurity principles.
•    Wash your hands before and after contact with live poultry. Use soap and water. If using a hand sanitizer, first remove manure, feathers, and other materials from your hands.
•    Provide disposable boot covers (preferred) and/or disinfectant footbaths for anyone having contact with your flock. If using a footbath, remove all droppings, mud or debris from boots and shoes using a long-handled brush BEFORE stepping in. Always keep it clean.
•    Establish a rodent and pest control program. Deliver, store, and maintain feed, ingredients, bedding and litter to limit exposure to and contamination from wild animals.
•    Use drinking water sourced from a contained supply (well or municipal system). Do not use surface water for drinking or cleaning. 
•    Clean and disinfect tools and equipment before moving them to a new poultry facility. Trucks, tractors, tools and equipment should be cleaned and disinfected prior to exiting the property. Do not move or reuse anything that cannot be cleaned.
•    Look for signs of illness. Monitor egg production and death loss, discoloration and/or swelling of legs, wattles and combs, labored breathing, reduced feed/water consumption.
•    Report sick birds:  Report unusual signs of disease or unexpected deaths to OPA (614) 882-6111 or ODA at (614) 728-6220 or afterhours at (888) 456-3405. 

Tracking HPAI Across Ohio

County & Flock # *Date Confirmed Positive Number of Poultry Type of Operation Status Type Control Area Surveillance Zone
Portage 01 10/3/2022 44 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a discontinued
Summit 01 9/15/2022 6 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a discontinued
Williams 01 9/14/2022 60 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a discontinued
Allen 01 9/14/2022 2 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a discontinued
Defiance 01 9/3/2022 3,748,500 Commercial Layers Depopulated H5N1 HPAI closed discontinued
Ashland 02 -- 7 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a discontinued
Ashland 01 9/3/2022 640 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a discontinued
Franklin 01 3/29/2022 8 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a discontinued
Butler 01 11/7/2022 150 Backyard (Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI closed discontinued
Licking 01 1/18/2023 29 Backyard (Non-Poultry) Depopulated H5N1 HPAI n/a n/a

*Confirmed positive by the National Veterinary Services Laboratory

Updated: January 19, 2023

Current Statewide Situation

Total number of affected premises: 10

Total number of affected counties: 9

Premises by County/Number of Flocks

Franklin: 1

Ashland: 2

Defiance: 1

Allen: 1

Williams: 1

Summit: 1

Portage: 1

Butler: 1

Licking: 1

Total Number of Birds Affected in Ohio

Commercial: 3,748,500

Backyard (Non-Poultry): 796

Backyard (Poultry): 150


Total: 3,749,446

Tracking HPAI Across the U.S.

The USDA has created an HPAI webpage that breaks down which states are affected by HPAI, locations of detections, in what type of flock and the number of birds affected.


For more information on biosecurity practices, visit: USDA APHIS | Defend the Flock - Resource Center

Defend the Flock Winter Bulletin https://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/animal_health/dtf-newsletter-winter-22.pdf 

All cases in commercial and backyard flocks: USDA APHIS | 2022 Detections of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza

HPAI Response: An infographic to help you understand the process

HPAI Fact Sheet: An overview of HPAI clinical signs, prevention and reporting of sick birds

Biosecurity in Backyard Flocks: Steps to take to protect your flocks

Information for Noncommercial Poultry Owners: I think my birds have the flu. What do I do?

Indemnity and Compensation: How to make a claim

What to expect: Here's what will happen if there's an outbreak in your area

Restocking Your Poultry Flock: The final step must be done carefully

Ohio Poultry Association